This salve is made from 3 plants that I collected in my garden: white pine needles, Solomon's seal root, and comfrey leaves. The oils used are all organic: sunflower, olive, and sunflower. And it also contains beeswax. It is very nourishing to the joints and muscles. It has the essential oils of: cedarwood, vanilla, peppermint, lavender, frankincense, and clove.